Surviving since the late 18th century, the Mahakan Fort is one of two citadels that defended the old walled city. The fort is in the easternmost of Rattanakosin’s walls, now situated next to Phan Fa Lilat Bridge of Ratchadamnoen Avenue and the junction of Khlong Maha Nak and Khlong Rop Krung.
The octagonal picturesque fort is in three levels, has a diameter of 38 meters and height of 19 metres, measured to the roof of the octagonal tower. There are rectangular battlements on both its lower and upper levels, while the connected 180-metre- long section of the city walls features sema-shaped battlements. In 1981, the fort and walls were restored for the city’s bicentennial.
Near Mahakan Fort, lies the historical vernacular architecture at the old community wooden houses, between the city wall and the canal. This small community of wooden houses is struggling against the Bangkok municipal government’s plan to demolish it and create a tourist park. In July 2018, the surrounding area is being evicted to become a public park and the fort exhibition. We can still get a glimpse of the lifestyle of the village that has hardly changed in a hundred years.
The entry to the fort is free, and it is open 24hrs. You can also visit the Golden Mount and Democracy Monument which is just a short walk away.