Democracy Monument, Bangkok
The Democracy Monument situated in the centre of Bangkok and was erected to mark the day of Thailand’s adoption of democracy and liberty. The structure of the monument is symbolic. The four wings of the monument represent the four branches of the Thai armed forces and are each 24 meters high, signifying the date 24th of June when the new constitution was signed. The monument was started in 1939 to commemorate the 1932 revolution that ended the absolute monarchy and introduced Siam’s first constitution. The monument was designed by Thai architect Mew Aphaiwong and Italian Corrado Feroci created the relief sculptures. 75 cannonballs can be found around the base to signify the Buddhist Era (1932 AD). The centrepiece of the structure is a mound on which sits two golden-coloured offering bowls with a representation of a manuscript box holding 1932 Thai constitution. The 3 meters central mound represents the third month of the traditional Thai calendar.
The monument becomes the representation of Thai’s right and freedom of the people and the place has been the scene of numerous protests. The monument has some interesting details in its bas relief on the base of the wings.
The monument is at the halfway point between Sanam Luang and the Golden Mount. You can also pay a visit to the Golden Mount and the Rama VII Museum which is just a short walk from the monument. King Rama VII was the one who granted Thai’s first constitution. The wide avenue where the Democracy Monument is located is known as Ratchadamnoen Klang and can be easily located.